Champollion, Jean-Francois


Champollion, Jean-Francois
(1790–1832)
   French scholar. He was born in Figeac on 23 December 1790. He very early conceived the desire to decipher the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic script and prepared himself by studying oriental languages, including Coptic. He eventually obtained an academic post in Grenoble, France, which gave him time to devote to his studies. Champollion first regarded the script as symbolic; however, Englishman Thomas Young demonstrated that the names of the Ptolemaic rulers were written alphabetically. Champollion later disingenuously claimed that he was unaware of Young’s research, but he adopted this approach and soon, with the help of such bilingual inscriptions as the Rosetta Stone, surpassed Young’s work. Champollion established that the hieroglyphic script was both alphabetic and pictographic and was able to read ancient Egyptian for the first time and realize that it was an older form of Coptic.
   He achieved widespread recognition for his work and in 1826 was appointed first curator of Egyptian antiquities at the Louvre Museum. From 1828–1829 he visited Egypt. Champollion was appointed professor of Egyptian history and archaeology at the College de France in Paris in 1831. He died in Paris on 4 March 1832. Although respected as a scholar, he was regarded by his contemporaries as an arrogant and difficult man.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Champollion, Jean-François — • A biography of the French Orientalist renowned for deciphering hieroglyphics through the triple inscription on the Rosetta Stone Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Champollion, Jean-François — (1790 1832)    Egyptologist    one of the founders of the science of Egyptology, Jean François Champollion was born in Figeac, in the Midi, and came to Paris in 1807 to study oriental languages at the collège de France. He had already begun the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Champollion, Jean François — Cham·pol·lion (shäɴ pô lyôɴʹ), Jean François. 1790 1832. French Egyptologist. Working from the Rosetta stone, he became the first person to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics (1821). * * * …   Universalium

  • Champollion, Jean-François — born Dec. 23, 1790, Figeac, France died March 4, 1832, Paris French scholar. He played a major role in the deciphering of Egyptian hieroglyphs. Champollion was a linguistic prodigy who had immersed himself in Hebrew, Arabic, Syriac, and Coptic as …   Universalium

  • Champollion, Jean-François — (23 dic. 1790, Figeac, Francia–4 mar. 1832, París). Egiptólogo francés. Tuvo un papel principal en el desciframiento de jeroglíficos egipcios. Champollion fue un lingüista prodigio, a los 19 años ya dominaba el hebreo, el árabe, el siríaco y el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Champollion, Jean François — ► (1790 1832) Orientalista francés. Descifró la piedra de Roseta y los jeroglíficos del antiguo Egipto. Obras: Egipto bajo los faraones y Síntesis del sistema jeroglífico, entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CHAMPOLLION, JEAN FRANÇOIS —    a celebrated French Egyptologist, born in Figeac, dep. of Lot; early gave himself to the study of Coptic and Egyptian antiquities; was the first to decipher the hieroglyphics of ancient Egypt, a great discovery; conducted a scientific… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Champollion, Jean François —  (1790–1832) French Egyptologist who helped decipher the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta Stone …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Jean-Francois Champollion — Jean François Champollion Pour les articles homonymes, voir Champollion. Jean François Champollion …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean-françois champollion — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Champollion. Jean François Champollion …   Wikipédia en Français


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